Technical textiles have been slowly but steadily gaining ground due to one or more of the reasons such as functional requirement, health and safety, cost effectiveness, durability, high strength, light weight, versatility, customisation, user friendliness, eco-friendliness, logistical convenience, etc. Unlike conventional textiles used traditionally for clothing or furnishing, technical textiles are used basically on account of their specific physical and functional properties and mostly by other user industries. Depending on the product characteristics, functional requirements and end-use applications the highly diversified range of technical textile products have been grouped into 12 sectors application-wise.
Technical textile is an emerging area for investment in
Status and prospects of Indian technical textiles
The Indian industry produces items of all the twelve segments of the technical textile industry though in varying quantities. Some items are produced in significant quantity while some other items are produced in small quantity with most of the requirement being met through imports.
The production of technical textile items in the small scale sector in an unorganised fragmented manner is also significant. The technology used by the small and medium scale units is, by and large, traditional. Not many projects are based on the state of-the-art technology comparable to global players. The reason for low level of technology could be attributed to non-availability of indigenous machinery and also lack of knowledge about the latest machinery available in the world market or risk perception in such investment.